The divAkIrtya sAmans
The celebrated divAkIrtya gAnaM deployed during the eclipse and the solstice rites comprises of 5 sAmans that are expounded in the pa~nchaviMsha brAhman 4.6. Not surprisingly they are termed collectively termed Adityasya vrata shukriyAni and are the following sAmans:
bhrAja: araNyegeya gAnaM 6.1.5
It is composed on the lyric: RV 9.66.19
agna AyUMShi pavasa A suvorjam iShaM cha naH | Are bAdhasva duchhunAM ||
agni you purify our life, send to us swift strength. Prevent the misfortune from over taking us.
The magical stobha (of course there are the regular stobhAs of sAman like uvA etc.) of this song is bhrAja/ e bhrAja.
AbhrAja: araNyegeya gAnaM 6.1.6
It is composed on the lyric: RV 8.44.16
agnir mUrdhA divaH kakut patiH pR^ithivyA ayaM | apAM retAMsi jinvati ||
agni is the head and the axis of heaven, the lord of this earth. He makes the seed of water successful.
The magical stobha of this song is A bhrAja/ e A bhrAja
vikarNa: araNyegeya gAnaM 6.1.7
It is composed on the lyric: RV 10.170.1. The lyric in the Aranya saMhitA 5.2 slightly differs (see brackets).
vibhrAD bR^ihat.h pibatu somyaM madhvAyurdadhad yaGYapatAvavihrutaM |
vAtajUto yo abhirakShati tmanA prajAH pupoSha (piparti) purudhA (bahudhA) vi rAjati |
May the great bright one drink soma with honey, giving the lord of the sacrifice (yajamAna implied)undiminished life. He impeled by the wind personally protects our people, having nourished them with food and lords over many regions.
The magical stobha-s of this song are: iDA; R^itaM me; phaT (uttered with musical elongation); bhrAT
bhAsa: araNyegeya gAnaM 6.1.8
It is composed on the lyric: RV 6.8.1. However, the lyric given in the AraNya saMhitA 3.8 of the kauthuma/rANAyanIya sAmaveda slightly differs (see brackets) suggesting that this might be derived from a different R^ig tradition than shAkalya or re-worded for ritual deployment.
pR^ikShasya (prakShasya) vR^iShNo aruShasya nU sahaH (mahaH) pra nu (no) vochaM (vacho) vidathA jAtavedasaH |
vaishvAnarAya matir navyasI shuchiH soma iva pavate chArur agnaye ||
In this assembly of sages I will proclaim the greatness of the red-spotted (the red destructive) bull jAtavedas. A pure and new mantra flows to vaishvAnara, like the purified tasty soma for agni.
This song has two types of specialized magical stobhas. Type 1: hiM hiM hiM; haM haM haM; bhaM (uttered with musical elongation).
Type 2: idA; R^itaM me; bhadraM; shreyaH; vAmaM; varaM; suvaM; asti; abhrAjIt; jyotiH; dIdivaH
mahAdivAkIrtya: araNyegeya gAnaM 6.1.9-18
The mahAdivAkIrtya songs are largely stobha-gAnaM-s each having its magic stobha-s
The 1st song is called the head of the divAkIrtya and its magic stobhas are:
AyuH; jyotiH; vAg-jyotIH
The 2nd song is called the neck and it has two type of magic stobhas. Type 1: haM; sthi Type 2: hiyevA; hiyagni; hi-indrA; hi-pUShan; hi-devAH.
The 3rd is called the shoulders has the following magic stobhas: vayomanaH; vayoprANAH; vayashchakShuH; vayaH shrotrAM; vayo ghoshaH; vayo vrataM; vayo bhUtaM
The 4th is called the sternum and has the same magical stobhas as the 3rd song but set to an entirely different tune.
The 5th is called the right ribs and it has the stobhas: Urk; vAk; dharma; adharma
The 6th is called the left ribs and it has the two types of special stobha-s. Type 1: haM vaM va. Type 2: dharma; vidharma; satyaM gAya; R^itaM vada
The 7th known as the Atman is composed on the lyric RV 10.170.1/Aranya saMhitA 5.2 as the vikarNa sAman but is set to a totally different tune. Its magical stobhas are the “special” vyAhR^itis (all musically elongated): bhuvaH; janat; vR^idhat; karat
Type 2: e abhrAjIt; jyotiH
The use of the special vyAhR^iti-s is rather striking because outside of the sAman tradition as in the divAkIrtya-s it is only used in the atharvanic form of the shrauta ritual. Many of these calls are inaudibly made by the brahman at the time of different soma pourings. The atharvan-s also deploy them in their formula known as the praise of indra in all great sacrifices:
OM bhUr bhuvaH svar janad vR^idhat karad ruhan mahat tach Cham OM indravanta stute ||
The 8th mahAdivAkIrtya is known as the right thigh and has the special stobha-s: bhUmiH; antarikShaM; dyauH; e bhutAya
The 9th mahAdivAkIrtya is known as the left thigh and has the special stobha-s: dyauH; antarikShaM; bhUmiH; e AyuShi
The 10th song known as the tail is characterized by the special stobha: jyotiH
It exits in the nidhana: I(3) 12345