A guilloche-like trigonometric tangle

Coprimality, i.e., the situation where the GCD of 2 integers is 1 is one of the fundamental expressions of complexity. In that situation, two numbers can never contain the other within themselves or in multiples of them by numbers smaller than the other. In other words, their LCM is the product of the 2 numbers. There are numerous geometric expressions of this complexity inherent in coprime numbers. One way to illustrate it is by the below class of parametric curves defined by trigonometric functions:

x=a_1\cos(c_1t+k_1)+a_2\cos(c_2t+k_2)\\[5pt] y=b_1\sin(c_3t+k_3)+b_2\sin(c_4t+k_4)

The human mind perceives symmetry and certain optimal complexity as the hallmarks of aesthetics. Hence, we adopt the following conditions:
1) a_1, a_2, b_1, b_2 are in the range \tfrac{3}{14}..1 for purely aesthetic considerations.
2) k_1, k_2, k_3, k_4 are orthogonal rotation angles that are in the range [0, 2\pi]
3) c_1, for aesthetic purposes relating to optimal complexity, is an integer in the range [5,60]
4) c_2 captures the role of coprimality in complexity. It coprime with c_1 and is in the range [40,141]
5) c_3 = |c_1-c_2|.
6) c_4=c_1+c_2-c_3
The last two conditions are for making the curve bilaterally symmetric — an important aesthetic consideration.

The result is curves with a guilloche-like form. For the actual rendering, they are run thrice with different colors and slightly different scales to give a reasonable aesthetic. Our program randomly samples through the above conditions and plots the corresponding curves. Below are 25 of them.


Figure 1.

Here is another run of the same.

tritangs04Figure 2.

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